top of page

PCAA Circuit





1st PSA Chapters Across America (PCAA)

International Exhibition of Photography Circuit






PSA 2023-110








Circuit General Chairman:


Address: 14020 Wagon Way, Silver Spring, MD 20906, USA

E Mail:


Chapter Exhibition Chairman:

1. PSA Mid Atlantic Chapter: Henry Ng, HonFPSA, EPSA, EFIAP

Address: 14020 Wagon Way, Silver Spring, MD 20906, USA

E Mail:

2. PSA Metropolitan Chapter: Guo Jiang (John) Ou, APSA, GMPSA, EFIAP

Address: 79-31 Elks Rd., Elmhurst, NY 11373-4124, USA

E Mail:

3. PSA Wisconsin Chapter: Gerry Emmerich, Jr., HonFPSA, GMPSA/G

Address: N8466 Pickerel Lake Rd., East Troy, WI 53120-1831, USA

E Mail:

4. PSA Central Florida Chapter: Jim Mahoney, APSA, EPSA

Address: 4305 Enfield Ct., Palm Harbor, FL 34685-1052, USA

E Mail:


All entry forms, images and entry fees are to be submitted to the PCAA web site,

For further information, see the PCAA web site:




Electronic Projected Images only, up to 4 projected digital images per section.


1.  Projected Image Color Open (PSA PID-C)

2.  Projected Image Monochrome Open (PSA PID-M)

3.  Nature General (PSA ND)

4.  Photojournalism General (PSA PJD)

5.  Photo Travel General (PSA PTD)

Each image can be presented in only one section.




            1 section         = $15

            2 sections       = $25

            3 sections       = $35

            4 sections       = $40

            All 5 sections = $45


• Entry fee is required for all entrants.

• No discount for group.

• On-line PayPal is the only payment method as part of the entry process. 

• Exhibition entry fees are paid to PSA PayPal account:

Entries received without the entry fee will not be judged.

By participating in the PCAA Circuit, the author agrees with the propositions and the rules of the organizers.



Closing Date:                                           26 February 2023

Date of All Judging Completed by:        19 March 2023

Date of Notification Sent by:                 27 March 2023

Date of mailing of Awards:                    6 May 2023

Date of Online Gallery posted by:          22 April 2023

Date of posting Electronic Catalog by: 6 May 2023

(Catalog will posted in PDF format for download free from PCAA web site(

Date of EDAS Report by:                          10 April 2023

Date of Public Showing:                          6 to 14 May, 2023




Judges for the 2023 PSA Mid Atlantic Chapter International Exhibition Judging

PIDC & PIDM Sections:

Michael Tran, APSA, PPSA                              Silver Spring, MD        

Thomas Hady, APSA                                       Falls Church, VA          

My Phuong Nguyen, APSA, PPSA                   Silver Spring, MD 


ND Section:

My Phuong Nguyen, APSA, PPSA                   Silver Spring, MD

Michael Tran, APSA, PPSA                              Silver Spring, MD        

John Davis, Jr., HonFPSA, MPSA                    South Colby, WA


PTD Section:

Tom Tauber, APSA, MPSA                               Lansdowne, PA             

Judy Burr, APSA, MPSA                                   Kensington, MD

Richard Sprott, APSA                                       Potomac, MD


PJD Section:

Robert Leonard, HonPSA, MPSA                     Deale, MD                  

Roz Kleffman, APSA                                        Bowie, MD                

Lynn Troy Maniscalco, HonFPSA, EPSA        Wilmington, DE                            


Alternates: Michael Tran, APSA, PPSA, Judy Burr, APSA, MPSA,

My Phuong Nguyen, APSA, PPSA


Judges for the 2023 PSA Metropolitan Chapter International Exhibition Judging

PIDC Open Section:

Elena McTighe, HonPSA, MPSA, ESFIAP                                  NJ

Mohammad Ali Salim, APSA, GMPSA, GPSA, MFIAP, ARPS   NY

Xin Xin Liang, APSA, MPSA, EFIAP                                           NY


PIDM Open Section:

Xin Xin Liang, APSA, MPSA, EFIAP                                           NY

Lingyun Mao, GMPSA,  EFIAP                                                   NY

Rowshan Akhter, MPSA, BPSA, EFIAP/Silver                           NY


ND Section

Elena McTighe, Hon PSA, MPSA, ESFIAP                                  NJ

Rowshan Akhter, MPSA, BPSA, EFIAP/Silver                            NY

Jie Fischer, MPSA, EFIAP                                                            NJ,


PJD Section

Mohammad Ali Salim, APSA, GMPSA, GPSA, MFIAP,ARPS      NY

Xin Xin Liang, APSA, MPSA, EFIAP                                             NY

Lingyun Mao, GMPSA, EFIAP                                                      NY

PTD Section

Mohammad Ali Salim, APSA, GMPSA, GPSA, MFIAP, ARPS      NY

                                        Lingyun Mao, GMPSA, EFIAP              NY

Jie Fischer, MPSA, EFIAP                                                             NJ



Judges for the 2023 PSA Wisconsin Chapter International Exhibition Judging

PIDC and PIDM Sections:

Jeff Klug, APSA                                                   Hubertus, WI

Mary Krajnak, Wisconsin Chapter Chair       Waukesha, WI

Jeff McDonald, PPSA                                          Whitewater, WI


ND, PJ and PTD Sections:

Signe Emmerich, HonPSA, EPSA                      East Troy, WI

Ken Warning, APSA                                           Menomonee Falls, WI

Marty Welter, APSA                                           Junction City, WI


Judges for the 2023 PSA Central Florida Chapter International Exhibition Judging

PIDC Section:

Irene Kramer, EPSA, AFIAP                                 Troy, MI

Matt Muskovac, APSA, PPSA                              Clearwater, FL

Mike Cohen                                                         Lighthouse Point, FL


PIDM Section:

Melanie Hurwitz                                                 Boca Raton, FL

Irene Kramer, EPSA, AFIAP                                 Troy, MI

Isaac Vaisman, PPSA                                          Ft. Lauderdale, FL


PTD Section:

Erik Rosengren, FPSA, PPSA                               Largo, FL

Isaac Vaisman, PPSA                                          Ft. Lauderdale, FL

Bill Buchanan, HonPSA, PPSA                            Sterling Heights, MI


ND Section:

Barbara Kuebler, FPSA, MPSA, AFIAP                Jupiter, FL

Mervyn Hurwitz                                                 Boca Raton, FL

Erik Rosengren, FPSA, PPSA                               Largo, FL


PJ Section:

Matt Muskovac, APSA, PPSA                              Clearwater, FL

M Rosalie Mahoney, PPSA                                 Palm Harbor, FL

Jack Kienast                                                        Twisp, WA



  • Each Chapter will award one PSA Gold medals for each of the five sections

    • or a total of 5 PSA Gold medals per chapter, or 20 PSA Gold medals for the Circuit.

  • Each Chapter will also award six Chapter medals for each of the five sections

    • 1 Chapter Gold, 2 Chapter Silver, and 3 Chapter Bronze, or a 30 medals per Chapter,

    • or 120 medals for the Circuit.

  • Each Chapter will also award 5 HM ribbons per section,

    • or 25 HMs per Chapter, or 100 HMs for the Circuit.

Thus, the total number of medals and HMs is 240 (140 medals and 100 HM ribbons).




All digital image files will not be returned.

The Catalog will be an electronic PDF file.

The results and catalog will be published on PCAA website. All entrants can view and

download the electronic catalog from the PCAA website.

All entrants will receive their report cards via e-mail (the one used at registration)

with the scores for each image.




IMAGE AND ENTRY REQUIREMENTS This exhibition is open to anyone; however, an entry may be rejected when the Sponsor or the Exhibition Organizers, in their reasonable discretion, believes the entry does not conform to exhibition rules and these Conditions of Entry. Membership in any photographic organization is not required.

Penalties: Entries will not be accepted from any entrant who has put on the PSA Penalties List for Ethics Violation. Entry fees are not refundable in these circumstances


PSA Star Ratings

To receive proper Star ratings credit from PSA, entrants must provide their names and country exactly the same way in each exhibition. Aliases are not permitted. Please contact PSA in the event of name changes or relocating to another country. Using one’s name differently in different exhibition exposes the entrant to the risk that many of their acceptances may not be recognized by PSA Star Ratings.


Image Creation
Entries must originate as photographs (image-captures of objects via light sensitivity) made by the entrant on photographic emulsion or acquired digitally.



By virtue of submitting an image, the entrant certifies the work as his or her own.  Images may not incorporate elements produced by anyone else (for example: clip art, images or art by others downloaded from the Internet). Aliases are not allowed.


The entrant permits the sponsors to reproduce all or part of the entered material free of charge for publication and/or display in media related to the exhibition. This may include low resolution posting on a website.  The Photographic Society of America (PSA) may request specific permission from entrants to reproduce entered images in its educational materials. The terms of that permission will be mutually agreed between the entrant and PSA except in the circumstances where the entered image is found to breach the PSA Ethics Policy. In those circumstances the image may be reproduced by PSA, without the entrant’s further permission, for educational purposes to illustrate serious exhibition rule violations. For those reproductions, the entrant’s name will be withheld. 

Entries will not be accepted from entrants who indicate that their images may not be reproduced in materials related to the exhibition.”   The exhibition assumes no liability of any misuse of copyright


Alteration and Computer Generation Subject to Divisional restrictions (particularly Nature, Photo Travel, and Photojournalism) images may be altered, either electronically or otherwise, by the entrant; adjustments to enhance images or creatively modify images are allowed providing the underlying photograph is retained in a way that is obvious to the viewer.  Images may not be constructed entirely with a computer, and must be the sole work of the entrant


Re-use of accepted images: Any image that has been accepted in this exhibition, past or present, may not be entered again in the same Division Star Ratings Class in any future instances of this exhibition.  It may, of course, be entered in any other PSA recognised exhibitions but must always have the same title. Re-titling in another language is not allowed.


Entry: An Entry consists of, up to and including, four (4) images entered by a single entrant into the same Section. An entrant may only enter a specific Section once. Entrants may not enter identical or similar images into the same section or different sections of the same exhibition.



Each image must have a unique title that is a description of the image. That unique title must be used for entry of that image or of an identical Image into any and all PSA-Recognized exhibitions. Titles must be 35 characters or fewer. No titles may be visible to the judges, and nothing in the image may identify the entrant. Titles may not include file extensions such as .jpg or .jpeg (or any other camera capture filenames such as IMG 471). Titles may not consist of personal identifiers possibly augmented by a number; or include words such as “untitled” or “no title”. Titles may not consist solely of numbers unless those numbers are prominently contained within the image, such as a contestant number in a race.


Color and Monochrome:

Color and Monochrome images from the same capture that share substantial pictorial content in common will be considered the same image and must be given the same title.



  1. All entries must be submitted entries through our website online registration process.

  2. Image Size: No more than 1920 pixels horizontal and by no more than 1080 pixels vertical side (at a resolution of 300 dpi and with Maximum file size of 1MB, in JPEG format and of sRGB color space). Oversized images will be rejected, and the entrant is required to resubmit their entry with properly sized images.

Image titles must not exceed 35 characters.

An image can enter in only one section.


This Exhibition only accept digital images and no prints.


The Exhibition will be conducted in accordance with the rules of the PSA

An entrant’s images will not be presented to the judges consecutively.  An entrant’s four images will be distributed throughout four rounds of judging in that section.  Distribution of images will be in the same round order as submitted by the entrant. At no stage will a judge be able to view all the entrant’s images together.




Judges will view and judge the images remotely online at their own equipment (monitors) with minimum display a native resolution of 1920 x 1080 pixels.


All judges will use color-calibrated monitors and the monitors will be capable of displaying images at 100% of the image resolution and that images will be displayed at exactly 100% of their resolution (that is, that the images will not be enlarged beyond their native resolution).


There will be 3 judges in each section for total of 4 rounds of judging.

Each award is declared based on the decision of the jury.


Acceptance Target range: This should be 29% to 34%.




By entering this exhibition, you are explicitly consenting to the personal details you have supplied, including physical addresses, email addresses, being held, processed and used by the exhibition organizers for purposes associated with this exhibition. You also explicitly consent to such information being sent to organizations that have accorded official recognition, patronage or accreditation to this exhibition. You acknowledge, agree and accept that by entering this exhibition, your participation status which includes your first and last name, name of the country used during registration at the exhibition, number of sections entered and number of photos entered in those sections will be made public in a published status list and that the results of your entry shall be made public in exhibition gallery, exhibition catalog. You also agree and accept the policy regarding Breaches of Rules of the PSA.



Statement on Subject Matter - applicable to all sections

The fundamental rule that must be observed at all times and applies to all sections offered in exhibitions with PSA recognition is that the welfare of living creatures is more important than any photograph. This means that practices such as baiting of subjects with a living creature and removal of birds from nests, for the purpose of obtaining a photograph, are highly unethical, and such photographs are not allowed in any exhibition with PSA recognition.  Under no circumstances may a living creature be placed in a situation where it will be killed, injured or stressed for the purpose of obtaining a photograph. Images that show live creatures being fed to captive animals, birds or reptiles are not permitted under any circumstances.

There are also concerns about the use of aerial photography, drones, helicopters, low flying aircraft. These should not cause any interference with other individuals or animals which causes a disturbance in their normal activity or disrupt the way any individuals or animals interact with their environment.  Entrants in PSA recognized exhibitions should comply with all relevant laws and regulations, associated with aerial photography, in the country in which the image was taken.   

Entry into PSA recognized exhibitions is conditional on accepting these policies.  The content of images must comply with the General Conditions and with the Division and Section definitions listed in these conditions. Images that - in the sole opinion of the judges or the Exhibition Organizers - do not comply, will be disqualified so the entrant may be aware of the problem when considering entry into other exhibitions with PSA recognition



PSA Monochrome Definition

An image is considered to be Monochrome only if it gives the impression of having no color (i.e. contains only shades of grey which can include pure black and pure white) OR it gives the impression of being a greyscale image that has been toned in one color across the entire image. (For example by Sepia, red, gold, etc.)  A greyscale or multi-colored image modified or giving the impression of having been modified by partial toning, multi-toning or by the inclusion of spot coloring does not meet the definition of monochrome and shall be classified as a Color Work.

For the purpose of this exhibition, only greyscale images are allowed in monochrome sections. Toned images are not allowed

Greyscale Monochrome images may be entered for Nature, Photojournalism and Photo Travel but toned images are not permitted for these sections.

Monochrome images may not be entered in PID Color Section.

Editing Guidelines for Nature, Photojournalism and Photo Travel

These sections require images to be truthful records, so there are limits on the amount of manipulation allowed.

Editing Guidelines

Processing or editing must be limited to making the image look as close to the original scene as possible, except that conversion to grayscale monochrome is allowed.

Allowed editing techniques:

  • Cropping, straightening and perspective correction.

  • Removal or correction of elements added by the camera or lens, such as dust spots, noise, chromatic aberration and lens distortion.

  • Global and selective adjustments such as brightness, hue, saturation and contrast to restore the appearance of the original scene.

  • Complete conversion of color images to grayscale monochrome.

  • Blending of multiple images of the same subject and combining them in camera or with software (exposure blending or focus stacking);

  • Image stitching – combining multiple images with overlapping fields of view that are taken consecutively (panoramas);


Editing techniques that are not allowed:

  • Removing, adding to, moving or changing any part of an image, except for cropping and straightening.

  • Adding a vignette during processing.

  • Blurring parts of the image during processing to hide elements in the original scene.

  • Darkening parts of the image during processing to hide elements in the original scene.

  • All conversions other than to complete grayscale monochrome.

  • Conversion of parts of an image to monochrome, or partial toning, desaturation or over-saturation of color


For the purpose of this exhibition any border added to a digital file must be a single border of white or grey, no greater than 3-5 pixels in width.




PSA/FIAP Nature Definition

Content Guidelines

  • Nature photography records all branches of natural history except anthropology and archaeology. This includes all aspects of the physical world, both animate and inanimate, that have not been made or modified by humans.

  • Nature images must convey the truth of the scene that was photographed. A well-informed person should be able to identify the subject of the image and be satisfied that it has been presented honestly and that no unethical practices have been used to control the subject or capture the image. Images that directly or indirectly show any human activity that threatens the life or welfare of a living organism are not allowed.

  • The most important part of a Nature image is the nature story it tells. High technical standards are expected and the image must look natural.

  • Objects created by humans, and evidence of human activity, are allowed in Nature images only when they are a necessary part of the Nature story.

  • Photographs of human-created hybrid plants, cultivated plants, feral animals, domesticated animals, human-created hybrid animals and mounted or preserved zoological specimens are not allowed.

  • Images taken with subjects under controlled conditions, such as zoos, are allowed.

  • Controlling live subjects by chilling, anaesthetic or any other method of restricting natural movement for the purpose of a photograph is not allowed.

Attention is drawn to the PSA Statement on Subject Matter which applies to all sections and to the Editing Guidelines for Nature, Photojournalism and Photo Travel


Photojournalism Definition

Photojournalism entries are images with informative content and emotional impact, reflecting the human presence in our world.

  • The journalistic (story-telling) value of the image should receive priority over pictorial quality.

  • Images that misrepresent the truth, such as those from events or activities arranged specifically for photography, or of subjects directed or hired for photography, are not eligible.

  • A number of images (typically 2-4), each with a small white border, may be combined into a single image that depicts a progression of events or related activity.


Attention is drawn to the PSA Statement on Subject Matter which applies to all sections and to the Editing Guidelines for Nature, Photojournalism and Photo Travel


Photo Travel Definition

Photo Travel

A Photo Travel image is a portrayal of the real world we live in, as it is found naturally. There are no geographic limitations.

Content guidance:

  1. If the image is predominantly or exclusively a land-, sea- or cityscape, these “scapes” must include characteristic, distinctive and recognizable physical features, although it is not necessary that the image identify the exact location;

  2. Images that predominantly or exclusively depict people and their activities must illustrate a distinctive culture of a country, region, or continent;

  3. Images that predominately or exclusively depict animal populations are allowed, if the animals are in their native environment and are characteristic of that country, region, or continent;

  4. Portraits or other close-ups of people or objects, in addition to meeting the above paragraphs as applicable, must include elements depicting some of the surrounding environment to make it obvious that the image was not taken in a studio setting;

  5. Images from events or activities arranged for photography, or of subjects directed or hired for photography, are NOT allowed.

  6. Time exposures are allowed, if they do not dominate the image as a special effect (star trails, for example, are a dominating effect).

  7. Highly distorted images such as those produced by fish eye lenses are NOT allowed.


Attention is drawn to the PSA Statement on Subject Matter which applies to all sections and to the Editing Guidelines for Nature, Photojournalism and Photo Travel



Breaches of Rules

Entrants are strongly advised to look at the PSA Ethics Policy which can be found at

If, at any time, it is determined in the reasonable discretion of the exhibition organizer or the judges before, during, or after the judging of an exhibition that an entrant has submitted entries where one or more images may fail to comply with these Conditions of Entry, including the stated definitions, exhibitions, on behalf of the judges, are allowed to request unedited or raw files of the submitted image

In order to ensure that images comply with the Conditions of Entry and definitions, the exhibition organizers may carry out reasonable measures to verify that:

a) the images are the original work of the entrant and

b) the images comply with the rules and definitions as set out in these Conditions of Entry

These steps include, but are not limited to, questioning any entrant, requiring the submission of RAW files or other digital files representing the original capture of the submitted image(s), confronting the entrant with evidence that one or more submitted images fails to comply with the Conditions of Entry (also known as Entry Rules), and offering the entrant a reasonable opportunity to provide counter evidence to refute the exhibition organizer’s evidence by a set deadline. Such entries that are not cleared or are still questionable after the entrant has presented evidence may be considered in breach of these Conditions of Entry, and declined. Such entries may be referred to PSA for further investigation of possible ethics violations

PSA, on receiving reports from exhibitions of possible breaches, retains the right to investigate in any way all complaints/suspicions of breaches of entry conditions, impose penalties if deemed necessary, void the acceptances of any image found to violate the PSA rules, include the entrant’s name on the list of sanctions provided to Exhibitions, and share such investigations with FIAP. Entrants automatically agree to these terms by the act of entering the Exhibition and agree to cooperate with any investigation.

If another party is submitting images on the entrant’s behalf, the entrant will still be held responsible for adhering to these Conditions of Entry (Entry Rules) and will be subject to penalties for any violations to these Conditions of Entry and PSA’s Statement of Ethics that may result.

If another party is processing images for an entrant or submitting images on the entrant’s behalf, the entrant will still be held responsible for adhering to all Conditions of Entry including the specific conditions in the relevant definitions.


NOTICE: When entrants fills in the Entry Form to submit an entry they will see the following feature to affirm they have read these Conditions of Entry

“I hereby confirm that I have read, understood and agree to the Conditions of Entry of this exhibition. I have read the PSA document to be found at . I am aware that PSA may apply penalties for breaches of these Conditions of Entry”

Failure to agree will mean that the application will not proceed.

bottom of page